It is our aim to support professionals to keep our communities safe from anti-LGBTI hate crime and hate speech and to raise awareness among our communities.
Practical ways we help professionals who are familiarizing themselves with the topics of hate crime and hate speech
We raise awareness among our communities about hate crime and hate speech
We inform governments and institutions, professionals and the larger society about hate crime and hate speech
Hate crimes are criminal offences that are motivated by prejudice towards particular groups of people. They affect not only individuals but entire communities. Certain communities are disproportionally targetted, because of their race, religion, sexual orientation, gender or other characteristics. In every European country, perpetrators target gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) people because of negative opinions, stereotypes, intolerance or hatred towards their sexual orientation, gender identity and/or sex characteristics. According to research conducted by the European Fundamental Rights Agency in 2013, a majority of respondents (59%) who had experienced violence in the year preceding the study, said that the last attack or threat of violence happened partly or completely because they were perceived to be LGBT.
In 2012 Ihsane Jarfi was murdered after hitchhiking with four people because he was gay. Three of the perpetrators were sentenced for life in 2014 in what became known as the first officially registered homophobic murder. Flemish victim surveys further pointed out that a large majority of LGBT people have experienced verbal abuse. One in three to one in four reported experiences of physical violence.”
The scale of hate crime against LGBTI people and its impact are underestimated and neglected because it isn’t recognised, reported or recorded. When victims don’t report, it’s often because they feel police wouldn’t do anything or because they fear the reaction from the police. According to the FRA survey, an EU average of about half of the respondents avoid places for fear of anti-LGBTI harassment and violence – in some countries up to two thirds. Also about half (EU average) avoid being open at work.
The adoption of legislation against anti-LGBT hate crime, is uneven across the EU. A majority of EU Member States apply a penalty enhancement for hate crime, although the details differ and other approaches also exist, such as a substantive offence. What EU countries have in common, is that to a smaller or larger extent, anti-LGBT hate crime is underreported.
When victims don’t report, it’s often because they feel police wouldn’t do anything or because they fear the reaction from the police.”
In Belgium, the penalty enhancement is applicable to about a dozen types if crimes. However, only for one type of crime the Penal Code actually considers a transphobic bias motivation, whereas sexual orientation (and many other grounds, for that matter) is included for all those types.” Read more about the particular legal situation and the needs of the LGBTI community in <insert country> on the website of <insert partner>.
EU law defines illegal hate speech as the public incitement to violence or hatred directed to groups or individuals on the basis of certain characteristics. It encourages a climate of intolerance in which hate crime can thrive. We want to raise awareness among our communities about anti-LGBT hate speech, specifically online. Read more about hate speech in <insert country> on the website of <insert partner>.
This website is an initiative of partner organisations from 9 different European countries. All organisations are connected to the LGBTI communities in their respective countries and have experience on the topic of hate crime and hate speech that they wish to put into the service of their communities and of professional stakeholders.